Human Rights Watch, , pp. The central government, however, continued to support peace conferences among northern and western ethnic groups who had disputes over cattle raiding and land use. Both Nuer and Dinka tended to go to relatives where possible, and to put a river between themselves and the Baggara for protection.
board of directors
Chevron would sell the Gulf Oil trademarks for the entire U. On May 9, , ChevronTexaco announced it would drop the Texaco moniker and return to the Chevron name.
Texaco remained as a brand under the Chevron Corporation. Chevron and the Los Alamos National Laboratory started a cooperation in to improve the recovery of hydrocarbons from oil shale by developing a shale oil extraction process named Chevron CRUSH. In September , Total S. In , Chevron announced to exit South Africa, where it has had a presence for over a century.
In October , Chevron announced that it is cutting up to 7, jobs, or 11 percent of its workforce. As of December 31, , the company had Daily production in was 2. In , Chevron was the fourth largest producer in the region. It also explores and drills the Marcellus Shale formation under several northeastern US states. It also produces natural gas from Western Australia.
Chevron has interests in four concessions in Angola, including offshore two concessions in Cabinda province , the Tombua—Landana development and the Mafumeira Norte project, operated by the company. It is also a leading partner in Angola LNG plant. In Kazakhstan, Chevron participate the Tengiz and Karachaganak projects. As of , the Rosebank oil and gas field west of Shetland was being evaluated by Chevron and its partners.
Chevron drilled its discovery well there in Production is expected in if a decision is made to produce from the field. The geology and weather conditions are challenging. In , Chevron processed 1. Chevron is the non-operating partner in seven joint venture refineries, located in Australia,  Pakistan ,  Singapore , Thailand , South Korea, and New Zealand.
Chevron also owns an asphalt refinery in Perth Amboy, New Jersey; however, since early that refinery has primarily operated as a terminal. Chevron Chemical produced paraquat. Chevron Shipping Company, a wholly owned subsidiary, provides the maritime transport operations, marine consulting services and marine risk management services for Chevron Corporation. Samuel Ginn , William E. Crain, Kenneth Derr , Richard Matzke and most notably Condoleezza Rice were among those honored, but the ship named after Rice was subsequently renamed as Altair Voyager.
The Chevron's alternative energy operations include geothermal, solar , wind, biofuel , fuel cells, and hydrogen. Chevron operates geothermal wells in Indonesia providing power to Jakarta and the surrounding area. In the Philippines , Chevron also operates geothermal wells at Tiwi field in Albay province, the Makiling-Banahaw field in Laguna and Quezon provinces.
It consists of technologies from seven companies, which Chevron is evaluating for large-scale use. As of , the project is the largest of its kind in the world. In , Chevron began reducing its investment in renewable energy technologies, reducing headcount and selling alternative energy-related assets. Chevron's corporate headquarters are located in a acre campus in San Ramon, California. The company moved there from its earlier headquarters at Market Street in San Francisco, California , where it was located since its inception in Chevron is also planning a new office tower in downtown Houston next to its existing properties at Louisiana Street.
Upon completion, it will be the fourth tallest building in Houston and the first story building constructed there in nearly 30 years. Condoleezza Rice is a former member of the board of directors, and also headed Chevron's committee on public policy until she resigned on January 15, , to become National Security Advisor to President George W.
Texaco and Gulf Oil began operating in the Oriente region of Ecuador in as a consortium. In , the Ecuadorean government signed an agreement with Texaco accepting the clean-up as complete and absolving Texaco of any further responsibility. That same year, an Ecuadorean scientific team took water and soil samples after Texaco left and found petroleum hydrocarbons at unsafe levels in almost half.
The clean up was called "a sham" by critics. Chevron described the lawsuit as an "extortion scheme" and refused to pay the fine. In November , the international arbitration tribunal issued a partial award in favour of Chevron and its subsidiary, Texaco Petroleum Company. The tribunal has found Chevron is not liable for environmental claims in Ecuador. In March , a United States district court judge ruled that the Ecuadorian plaintiff's lead attorney, Steven Donziger , had used "corrupt means," including "coercion, bribery, money laundering and other misconduct," to obtain the court verdict in Ecuador.
The judge did not rule on the underlying issue of environmental damages. While the US ruling does not affect the decision of the court in Ecuador, it has blocked efforts to collect damages from Chevron in US courts. In April , AmazonWatch released videos reportedly sent from a whistleblower inside Chevron.
The videos purportedly show employees and consultants finding petroleum contamination at sites in the Ecuadorean Amazon that the company claimed was cleaned up years earlier.
These videos were confirmed as legitimate by Chevron legal counsel. The company further stated that it is not possible to determine from the videos whether the sites shown are the responsibility of Chevron or its former partner, Petroecuador. According to Amazon Watch, the videos contain a map confirming that the sites are Chevron's, and contain footage of interviews with villagers known to live in the area for which Chevron is responsible. In September , an international tribunal ruled in favor of Chevron Corp finding that Ecuador had violated its obligations under international treaties.
Chevron continues to take oil from the Amazon region at large. In El Segundo was the single largest refiner in the U.
In , Chevron's operations in Africa were criticized as environmentally unsound by Nigerian researchers, journalists, and activists.
On October 16, , Chevron U. In , Chevron was recognized by the environmental group Ceres for its efforts to reduce global warming by cutting its own emissions and investing in renewable energy technologies. Soon after, it began reducing its investments in renewables. Cobasys LLC was a supplier of nickel metal hydride NiMH batteries, battery control systems, and packaged solutions for automotive applications, uninterruptable power supplies , telecommunications applications, and distributed power generation.
After arbitration between the owners had stalled, a buyer was found. Sherry Boschert accused Chevron of limiting access to large NiMH batteries through its stake in Cobasys corporation and control of patent licenses in order to remove a competitor to gasoline. The Cars that Will Recharge America , published in February , Sherry Boschert argues that large-format NiMH batteries are commercially viable but that Cobasys refuses to sell the batteries or license the technology to small companies or individuals.
Boschert argues that Cobasys accepts only very large orders for the batteries. Major automakers showed little interest in placing large orders for large-format NiMH batteries. Because no other companies were willing to place large orders, Cobasys was not manufacturing or licensing large format NiMH battery technology for automobiles. Boschert concludes that "it's possible that Cobasys Chevron is squelching all access to large NiMH batteries through its control of patent licenses in order to remove a competitor to gasoline.
Or it's possible that Cobasys simply wants the market for itself and is waiting for a major automaker to start producing plug-in hybrids or electric vehicles. Cobasys just needs an infusion of cash.
They build a great battery". In October , International Acquisitions Services and Innovative Transportation Systems filed suit against Cobasys and its parents for failure to fill an order for large-format NiMH batteries to be used in the electric Innovan. International filed suit against Cobasys, on the ground Cobasys did not tender the batteries it agreed to build for Mercedes-Benz's planned hybrid SUV. On May 28, , activists staged a demonstration and took several individuals hostage on a company oil platform in the Niger Delta , Nigeria.
Nigerian police and soldiers were allegedly flown in with Chevron helicopters. Chevron had stated that the military intervention was necessary to protect the lives of its workers and considers the jury's decision vindication for the accusations of wrongdoing.
The embassy related that it had no independent confirmation of this claim. On March 25, , an explosion and fire at the refinery spread noxious fumes and sent hundreds of Richmond residents to hospitals. On August 6, , a large fire erupted at the refinery. The reasons for the suit included "a continuation of years of neglect, lax oversight and corporate indifference to necessary safety inspection and repairs.
On November 8, , Chevron came under fire by Brazilian authorities for its role in the spill of crude oil off of the southeastern coast of Brazil.
The National Petroleum Agency later concluded that the spill did not cause significant economic damage, injured no one, and never approached Brazil's coast. The KS Endeavor jackup rig exploded on January 16, , while drilling an exploration well for Chevron in the Funiwa field in Nigeria. The explosion resulted in the death of two of the workers on board and a fire that burned for 46 days before the well was sealed on June According to a Reuters news report, workers on the KS Endeavor were ignored by Chevron when they requested evacuation due to concerns of increasing smoke billowing from the drilling borehole.
A senior worker said the blowout was triggered by a massive build-up of pressure. A witness said that rig engineers advised Chevron to stop drilling and evacuate staff but Chevron told them to continue with drilling.
Expecting an explosion, the rig manager, one of the two that later died, kept the lifeboats at hand and ready for use. Chevron stated that it was not conducting activities in the area in which the fire broke out. Chevron has experienced protests aimed at the company by local communities in Southern Poland when they started gas exploration in the region.
Their complaint is that Chevron didn't provide all of the documents required for gas exploration in Poland, and that the company has not promised to share a percentage of the revenues with the local landholders.
The landholders of the region view Chevron's presence in the region negatively since they may be forced to sell their properties at a low cost if gas is discovered in the region. As well, potential environmental disasters are a concern for local farmers. Another of the residents' primary concern is water pollution from the chemicals used in fracking. According to gas and oil expert Andrzej Szczesniak, one of the main reasons for the protest is the difference between Polish and American law.
In Poland, the discovery of gas on private property usually results in a forced sale of the property, with the owner receiving only the prior value of the land and no percentage of the gas revenue. This is the result of outdated, Communist Era laws that are still on the books and which are often exploited by municipal governments if they can get a 'kick back' from a larger company.
After the decision of the Argentine government to regain control of the biggest oil company of the country, YPF , the search for foreign investors for exploitation of unconventional oil started. Finally in , YPF and Chevron signed an agreement for the Vaca Muerta oil field , the world's second-largest shale gas deposit.
Police fired rubber bullets, hitting some protesters. The police acted with seriousness and professionalism. In , Chevron received the Lifetime Award of the Public Eye on Davos for what the sponsors called Chevron's responsibility for environmental disaster in the Amazon. In a letter Chevron Corp. Securities and Exchange Commission 's consultation process, noting that its " Form K included a significant discussion of the potential risks of additional greenhouse gas emissions regulation following the outcome of the Paris Accord.
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San Francisco Bay Area portal Companies portal. Retrieved 31 March Retrieved August 9, Retrieved 15 February Securities and Exchange Commission. Vassiliou March 2, Historical Dictionary of the Petroleum Industry. Retrieved August 8, The Rotterdam facility also is the global technology center for Oronite marine lubricant additives research.
Texaco, which later merged with Chevron, started operations in the Netherlands around We began onshore exploration activities in the Netherlands in This led to the award of the Akkrum concession, which produced natural gas for more than 30 years before the field was decommissioned in The rural site was restored to its original state and reclaimed for agricultural use. In , Chevron acquired Unocal and its interests in the Netherlands.
The company had been active in the country since the mids. A central processing platform and an export pipeline were installed in Block A12 in In , the unmanned B13 satellite platform began production. Chevron celebrated the 30th anniversary of this significant milestone in In November , Chevron divested its exploration and production interests in the Dutch sector of the North Sea and sold its Chevron Transportation business. Chevron employs Stop-Work Authority, a policy that establishes the responsibility and authority of any individual to stop work without repercussion when an unsafe condition or act could result in an undesirable event.
Chevron contributes to the economy of the Netherlands through lubricant and fuel-additive research and as an employer. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward- looking statements.
The reader should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report.